How To Escape An Avalanche

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How To Escape An Avalanche
How To Escape An Avalanche
Video: How To Escape An Avalanche
Video: How To Survive An Avalanche 2023, February
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An avalanche is the most insidious and dangerous enemy of skiers. Anti-avalanche services operate constantly in all mountainous areas where avalanches can occur. The ski tracks are laid in safe places. Sometimes skiers ignore the avalanche service warnings and “conquer” mountain slopes away from the ski slopes.

How to escape an avalanche
How to escape an avalanche

Instructions

Step 1

Pay attention to the appearance of the mountain slope, because avalanches usually come down in the same place: a bare slope without vegetation, the presence of an avalanche cone of the previous avalanche, and a sufficiently steep slope.

Step 2

Go out onto an avalanche-prone slope in the morning hours, if possible - after a cold night, the snow cover is most durable. The group must have avalanche equipment: avalanche cords, avalanche probes, shovels and mandatory beacons "beppers".

Step 3

Observe safety rules when entering an avalanche-prone area, which can save lives in the event of an avalanche: - fasten the hood and storm jacket tightly;

- loosen the shoulder straps of the backpacks;

- remove your hands from the lanyards of the ski poles;

- dissolve the avalanche cord;

- keep the distance of movement - not less than 100 m;

- drive with maximum speed avoiding sharp turns and falls.

Step 4

In the event of an avalanche, free yourself from your backpack, ski poles and ice ax as soon as possible. Throw off your skis if you understand that they will not help you, but will interfere with your movements, because when an avalanche comes down, salvation often depends on quick reaction and decisive action.

Step 5

Discard and release the avalanche cord, which should be tightly sewn or tied to the jacket.

Step 6

Try to roll as far as possible to the edge of the avalanche. Whoever manages to roll out, usually remains unshelled by snow.

Step 7

Take refuge from the snow stream on rocky ridges, behind rocks or rock ledges, behind trees.

Step 8

Try to stay on the surface of the snow by making swimming movements with your hands. In this case, if you are covered, it will be more likely to get out of the snow on your own.

Step 9

Cover your nose and mouth with your hands if you find yourself in the snow, so as not to lose the opportunity to breathe, because fine snow is clogged into all possible holes.

Step 10

Group up, bend your head to your knees to avoid injury.

Step 11

Remain calm - don't shout, don't waste your energy. No one will hear you until help arrives, especially since the snow perfectly suppresses sounds.

Step 12

Determine where the top is and where the bottom is with saliva. Spit - saliva always falls down under the force of gravity. This means that there will be an upside in the opposite side and it is from there that help is possible.

Step 13

Dig upward, shoveling snow under you.

Step 14

Break up the ice crust of body heat and breath.

Step 15

Try not to sleep so as not to freeze.

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