In post-perestroika Russia, there are still no clear rules of treatment, while in many other countries etiquette is more strict. By learning to use the right forms of address, you will not only show yourself to be polite, but also show respect for your interlocutor and their culture.
In France, refer to unmarried girls as "mademoiselle", to married women as "madame." If you are not familiar with the marital status of the interlocutor, be guided by her age. The address "mademoiselle", spoken in an interrogative tone, will be a polite way to know if you are using the correct form. At a business meeting, the address "madam" will be most appropriate. It is customary to address all men, regardless of their status, "monsieur". Addressing by name is considered a fairly personal form, which should be resorted to only if the interlocutor himself introduced himself. In the future, this particular form of name should be used, even if colleagues or acquaintances address the person differently. Use the form "madam" or "monsieur" in greetings, goodbyes, or apologies.
Before addressing a German, find out his title, which must be added after the polite "Herr". If this is your first time meeting a person, use the Herr Doctor option. The word "doctor" has many meanings in German and is widely used in a variety of contexts. Adult women in Germany are called "Frau", girls - "Fraulen". Separately, these words are used only when talking with service personnel: maids and saleswomen. When talking with a married lady, the title of her husband should be added to the address "Frau", for example, "Frau Doctor". An alternative variant is the word "Gnadige", in Russian etiquette equivalent to "gracious" or "highly esteemed". "Gnadige" should also be added when referring to an unmarried girl.
In England, the terms “Mister”, “Miss” and “Mrs.” should be used to refer to men, unmarried and married women, respectively. The surnames of the interlocutors are added to them, if they are known. English etiquette also provides for more official forms of address: "Sir" and "Madame". The word "Sir" is used in two ways: as a respectful form (child to an adult, subordinate to a boss, a service worker to a client) and as a title of nobility. In the second case, a combination with the full name is required. The etiquette forms "ladies" and "gentlemen" are used mainly when addressing the audience.
The rules of etiquette in the United States provide for similar forms of treatment as in England, but they are more democratic. It is quite appropriate to call a young man "young man" or "young woman". The address "darling" - "dear" or "dear" is considered familiar in both the Old and New Worlds.
In Japan, use the third face shape, not the second, when addressing the person you are talking to. It is imperative to add a polite particle to the surname, emphasizing respect. The most common word is "san", less often "dono" or "sama". In a friendly conversation, the particle "kun", which follows the surname, is acceptable. The social status of the interlocutor should also be taken into account. At work, contact your supervisor, pronouncing his position.