Everest, or Chomolungma, is the highest peak in the world, the height of this mountain is 8848 meters. Everest is located in the Himalayan mountains, which stretch across the Tibetan plateau and the Indo-Gangetic plain in several countries: Nepal, India, Bhutan, China. The summit of Everest is located in China, but the mountain itself is located on the Sino-Nepalese border.
Everest is the European name for the mountain, which for a long time was called by the locals, Tibetans, Chomolungma. This name translates as "Divine Mother of Life". The Nepalese, observing the mountain from the southern side, called it "Mother of the Gods", which sounds like "Sagarmatha". The mountain got its name "Everest" after the name of the English surveyor George Everest.
Until the middle of the 19th century, there was no exact data on the height of the mountain, so its title of the highest peak was unofficial. In 1852, an Indian mathematician carried out a series of calculations and determined that Everest is the highest mountain on Earth.
Everest was formed by the collision of two plates - Hindustan and Eurasia. The Indian plate went under the crust in Tibet, and the mantle was lifted up, as a result, a large mountain range appeared, which still continues to grow due to the slow movement of tectonic plates.
The Himalayan Mountains cover a huge area in the Tibetan Plateau and Indo-Ghana Plain, separating the desert and mountainous regions of Central Asia and the tropical regions of South Asia. The mountains stretch for almost 3 thousand kilometers in length, they are 350 kilometers wide. The area of the Himalayas is about 650 thousand kilometers, and the average height of the peaks is about 6 thousand meters above sea level.
Everest is the highest peak in the Himalayan mountains. The mountain in the form of a triangular pyramid has two peaks: the northern one, 8848 meters high, is located in China, or rather, the Tibet Autonomous Region, and the southern one, with a height of 8760, runs right along the border of China and Nepal.
On all sides, the summit is surrounded by mountains and ridges of smaller sizes: in the south, Chomolungma connects with the eight-thousanders Lhotse, between them lies the South Saddle Pass; from the north is the North Col, which leads to Mount Changze. On the east side of Everest there is a steep impassable wall called Kangashung.
Not far from the mountain are the peaks Nuptse, Makalu, Chomo Lonzo. Also, the mountain is surrounded by glaciers located at an altitude of five thousand meters: Ronbuk, East Rongbuk. From the north of Everest stretches the gorge of the Rong River.
Part of the mountain is located in the Nepalese Sagarmatha National Park, which consists of gorges, mountain ranges and rugged areas in the Upper Himalayas.
The closest large cities to Everest are the capital of Nepal, Kathmandu, 150 kilometers away, and the capital of Tibet, Lhasa, which is much further, at a distance of 450 kilometers.