Belozersk is an ancient city. One of the oldest in our land. For the first time he was mentioned in the "Tale of Bygone Years" by the monk of the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra Nestor under the year 862 as Beloozero. In the course of its history, the city has changed its location more than once. He has lived in his present place since the end of the XIV century. The city survived in the storms of the twentieth century, soon to deal with the past. Of course, there were some losses, but, fortunately, they turned out to be minimal.
How to get there.
There is no railway station in Belozersk. If you prefer a train from all types of transport, then you can only take it to Vologda. In Vologda, you need to change to a bus (the bus station is located next to the railway station). Buses to Belozersk do not go often, a couple of times a day. Travel time is 3 hours.
By car, you should leave Vologda along the A-114. Before reaching Cherepovets, turn right onto P-14. You can also leave Vologda along the P-5, and take the P-6 in the village of Lipin Bor. The road is picturesque, but part of it is a dirt road and with a ferry crossing through Sheksna.
The heart and decoration of Belozersk is Cathedral Square, surrounded by a massive rampart. This place still remains the semantic center of the city, a clot of its historical memory.
The oldest part of the Kremlin is the ramparts built at the end of the 15th century. The local population loves to rest on these ramparts now on holidays. They offer a wonderful view of the city.
At the end of the 19th century, a three-story building of the Theological School was built in the Kremlin - it still stands in its place. At present, it houses the Belozersk Pedagogical College.
A three-span arched bridge leads to the Kremlin from the west. It was built of bricks in the 1830s. The building looks monumental and quite organic.
The construction of the Cathedral in honor of the Transfiguration of the Lord began in 1668 and lasted ten years. At the end of the 18th and beginning of the 19th centuries, it underwent a significant reconstruction, during which it acquired its present appearance. The existing cross on the central chapter was installed at the beginning of the 20th century. The main attraction of the Spaso-Preobrazhensky Cathedral is its iconostasis and side-by-side icon cases that are combined with it in style.
The oldest shrine Belozerskaya, which was in the Transfiguration Cathedral before the 1917 revolution, is now kept in the Russian Museum. At present, the Belozerskaya icon is represented in the Transfiguration Cathedral by a list, and a very recent one. But the other two most interesting images are originals. They are at least 500 years younger than the mysterious masterpiece, but nevertheless they are high examples of icon-painting art. These are paired icons located on the sides of the royal gates, "The Savior on the Throne" and "The Mother of God on the Throne" Of course, now it is difficult to imagine the impression made by this monumental "pair" before, when the entire carving of the iconostasis was intact, when its frames did not gap lack of images. But even now the icons make us remember the best times that the cathedral knew before its sack.
Church of the All-Merciful Savior
Not far from the Kremlin, on Dzerzhinsky Street, near the Belozersky Canal, dug along the White Lake, there is the most elegant temple of Belozersk - the Church of the All-Merciful Savior, built in the first quarter of the 18th century
Ensemble of the Assumption and Epiphany Churches
To the west of the Kremlin, at the intersection of the current Lenin and K. Marx streets, there is a temple complex consisting of two churches - the Assumption and Epiphany.
The Assumption Church is the oldest stone building in Belozersk. It was built in the 1550s. It is difficult to call these two harams twins, they "converge" only in size.
The "artistic image" of Belozersk as a quiet, not too rich, but at the same time quite prosperous provincial city is largely determined by the civil development of the 19th century. Their owners were middle-class merchants from Belozersk, who wanted to live solidly and comfortably. One of the earliest buildings of this style was the Lindkugel house (1829), which served as a kind of role models.