Novosibirsk is the third most populous city in Russia after Moscow and St. Petersburg. It is part of and represents the administrative center of the region of the same name and the Siberian Federal District. Founded in 1893, the city as of January 1, 2014 had a population of 1.547 million.
Geographical location of Novosibirsk
A large Siberian city is located in the southeastern part of the West Siberian Plain and on the large Priobskoye plateau, which adjoins the valley of the rather full-flowing Ob River. Not far from Novosibirsk itself there is also a reservoir formed after the construction of a dam for the Novosibirsk hydroelectric power station. It is believed that the city is located on the very border of two natural zones - forest and forest-steppe, and the left side of Novosibirsk has a flat relief, and the right, on the contrary, is characterized by a large number of ravines, which are a transition to the mountainous relief of the Salair Ridge.
The distance between Novosibirsk and Moscow is about 3200 kilometers, and between the Siberian city and the northern capital of Russia - 3900 kilometers. The neighbors of the city and the surrounding region are: from the west and north-west the Omsk region, from the south - the Altai Territory, from the south-east and east - the Kemerovo region, and from the north and north-east - the Tomsk region. Thus, Novosibirsk, spread over a total area of 505.62 square kilometers, is located quite close to the Republic of Kazakhstan, as well as from a large number of economically important cities and towns for Russia.
Other information about the location of Novosibirsk
The geographical location of the capital of the Novosibirsk region is also determined by its location in the continental climatic zone, the average annual temperature in which is 1.8 ° C. The average winter temperature in Novosibirsk is minus 16оС, and summer temperatures are plus 19оС. Moreover, the record of cold weather was recorded in the city back in January 1915, when the thermometer dropped to minus 51.1оС, and the maximum on June 7, 1967 - plus 36.6оС. At the same time, the average annual number of hours of sunshine in Novosibirsk is 2077.
Until the 90s of the last century, the capital of the Novosibirsk region was included in the so-called seventh time zone, which led to sometimes very curious cases. So, the flight from Tolmachevo to Novosibirsk airport was about 4 hours, and takeoff and landing took place at the same time. After the 90s, the city was moved to the sixth time zone or the so-called Omsk Time Zone (OMST), as a result the time difference in it began to be 3 hours and 6 hours from the "zero mark" of the time calculation. But the changes did not end there, and on March 27, 2011 Novosibirsk was returned to the old time, and Moscow was “moved” one hour ahead, as a result of which the difference of 3 hours remained the same.