To survive in the cold, you must be at least moderately fit. Firstly, low temperature is an additional load on the organs of the cardiovascular system, and it will be extremely difficult for a person with a weak heart to spend even one night at temperatures below 20 degrees below zero. Secondly, with poor preparation, you will not be able to dig yourself a shelter, and without this, an overnight stay is almost impossible.
- - matches;
- - shovel;
- - bell;
- - rope;
- - hatchet;
- - sleeping bag;
- - pan.
Take care of an overnight stay. In the area of the far north, it is recommended to gouge a shelter in the snow so that the entrance to the “dwelling” is located on the leeward side. It doesn't matter if it turns out to be cramped, but it will certainly protect you from strong winds. In addition, the temperature in the snow is usually much higher than on the surface. Wrapped in a sleeping bag, you can spend the night quite tolerably in such a shelter. If there are conifers nearby, even better. Chop the branches, lay them down - this will additionally protect against freezing.
Make a fire. If you find yourself in an area where there is no visible vegetation, try to shovel the snow - it is possible that there is moss underneath that can be used as fuel. In case of acute need, use fatty fish or meat as firewood, which should be split into "splinters" and light a fire.
Boil water, adding lingonberry leaves or other berries that are preserved under the snow. Drinking hot drinks will give you strength. If you have any food with you, be sure to warm it up before eating. Hot food is more satisfying than cold food. In a situation where there is no food, it is necessary to be puzzled before dark in search of it. With some skills from a long nylon rope, arrange a semblance of a snare, into which any northern bird may fall. As a last resort, you will have to limit yourself to plant foods, for which try collecting moss, the inner side of the bark of deciduous trees, or digging up the roots. Fill all edible plants with water and cook "porridge" from them.
Consider a fire shelter. It is better if it burns all night, which to some extent will protect you from wild animals. It is also a good idea to enclose the "camp" with a rope, from which the snares were made earlier. Tie a bell to it - if any animal approaches, you will hear. With the help of this simple device, you can get at least some sleep in order to move on the road with renewed vigor the next day.